as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and he
went in, and sat down to meat.
38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.
39 And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.
40 Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also?
41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
42 But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
43 Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.
44 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that walk over them are not aware of them.
While touring Israel I found two of the best preserved first century synagogues are at Gamala (Gamla) and Masada. Both areas were conquered by Rome in the second half of the first century and were not built over by later development.
There were also first century synagogues found at Herodian and more recently at Magdala. The foundation and pavement of a first century synagogue was found at Capernaum below the ruins of the later white synagogue. There was an inscription from a first century synagogue found in Jerusalem upon a ridge near the upper Siloam pool. http://www.pohick.org/sts/jerusalem.html
The Pharisees desired the best seats in the synagogue. These were the upper seats. The upper most seats allowed people to see more..