17 And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men.
18 And straightway they left the nets, and followed him.
19 And going on a little further, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the boat mending the nets.
20 And straightway he called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and went after him.
21 And they go into Capernaum; and straightway on the Sabbath day he entered into the synagogue and taught.
22 And they were astonished at his teaching: For he taught them as having authority, and not as the scribes.
23 And straightway there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,
24 saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus thou Nazarene? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.
25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him.
26 And the unclean spirit, tearing him and crying with a loud voice, came out of him.
27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What is this? a new teaching! with authority he commandeth even the unclean spirits, and they obey him.
28 And the report of him went out straightway everywhere into all the region of Galilee round about.
29 And straightway, when they were come out of the synagogue, they came into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
30 Now Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever; and straightway they tell him of her:
31 and he came and took her by the hand, and raised her up; and the fever left her, and she ministered unto them.
32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were sick, and them that were possessed with demons.
33 And all the city was gathered together at the door.
34 And he healed many that were sick with divers diseases, and cast out many demons; and he suffered not the demons to speak, because they knew him.
35 And in the morning, a great while before day, he rose up and went out, and departed into a desert place, and there prayed."
Jesus was in the house of Simon Peter and his brother Andrew who lived with other family members in a house in Capernaum.
The town was located on the lake shore. The modern building to the right was over what was thought to be Peter's house. A Byzantine 5th century octagonal church was built around the Roman era house. The house was earlier than the octagonal church below the modern superstructure. This house was the only one with plaster on its walls as it was regarded as a historical monument as early as the second century according to the archaeologists who excavated the site. There were pieces of the paint decorated plaster from Peter's house in the museum at the Church of the Flagellation, Via Dolorosa, Jerusalem.
This synagogue was constructed during the fourth and fifth century AD. The white limestone building was founded on basalt stones that may have been from the first century synagogue. Roman Catholic archaeologists found coins from the first century below the basalt cobble pavement found under the white limestone pavers.
White Synagogue, Capernaum - Jan 2006
Evidence of early Jewish usage of the Magen David (six sided star) -- Jan 2006
4th - 5th century wine amphora and grapevine carving -- Jan 2006
The Franciscans' Capernaum "The Town of Jesus" website: http://www.christusrex.org/www1/ofm/sites/TScpmain.html (Terra Sanctum).